Oncology: effective cancer prevention
"Cancer". No one wants to hear this diagnosis, but oncology is still one of the most demanded areas of medicine. Nevertheless, at least a third of all cancers can be avoided. To do this, you must try to adhere to certain rules defined by WHO. In this article, we will tell you what lifestyle changes will help prevent cancer.
Refuse bad habits
Perhaps this is the most obvious of the points, and yet: if you quit smoking and do not drink alcohol, you can significantly increase your chances of not getting cancer.
Smoking is a habit that increases the risk of cancer and leads (hereinafter: according to WHO) to 22% of all deaths from cancerous tumors annually. In addition, 70% of all cases of lung cancer are associated with the patient’s smoking.
Frequent use of alcohol is also a risk factor for oncology. In particular, cancer of the mouth, liver, pharynx, larynx, etc. can be caused by alcohol. To avoid this, you need to pay attention to the amount of alcohol you consume – large volumes significantly increase the chance of cancer. Particular attention should be paid to men, because cancer of the oral cavity, as well as cancer of the esophagus and liver due to alcohol consumption, occurs in men in 22%, and in women – in 9% of cases.
Commit to an active lifestyle
In the twenty-first century, moving a lot every day is not as easy as just a few hundred years ago. Many people spend their days at the computer and evenings on the couch. Unfortunately, obesity or loss of muscle mass are not the only problems that can be encountered with a lack of movement. Being overweight is associated with many types of cancer: cancer of the esophagus, colorectal and rectum, breast, mucous membrane of the uterus and kidneys.
Regular physical activity and maintaining a healthy body weight along with a healthy diet significantly reduce the risk of developing cancer. In addition to maintaining daily physical activity, WHO recommends reducing the consumption of red meat and canned meat, while at the same time adding more fruits and vegetables to your diet.
Switzerland is famous for its clean mountain air and mineral waters.
Avoid polluted environment
Many of us live and work in large cities, without thinking that the daily inhalation of smog and exhaust gases affects our health in the long run. In a polluted environment, there are carcinogenic chemicals in increased quantities that can harm you through drinking water or through air indoors and outdoors. Approximately 1-4% of cancerous tumors are due to the finding in a bad environmental situation.
To reduce the effect of a polluted environment, it is necessary to stay in ecologically clean places as often as possible. One of the good solutions for a busy person can be the combination of tourism and recreation – for example, in Switzerland, where water and air are crystal clear, and where you can recharge energy and health while reducing the risk of future cancer at the same time.
Carcinogenic substances also affect you through foods contaminated with aflatoxins and dioxins. Mindfulness, when buying groceries or ordering in restaurants on vacation, is necessary to reduce your oncological risk. Give preference to eco-friendly and seasonal foods, and use services of a nutritionist or a cook in a country that is unfamiliar to you.
Avoid radiation and carcinogens associated with occupational activities
About 20-30% of the male and 5-20% of the female population can be exposed to pulmonary carcinogens throughout their working lives. According to WHO, this results in about 10% of all lung cancers in the world. In particular, about 2% of cases of leukemia are caused by exposure to carcinogens in the workplace.
What kind of prophylaxis is prescribed in case you are engaged in hazardous production? Observe safety regulations with extreme care, and make sure that outside of the workplace, you give due care to your health.
It has long been known that ionizing radiation (for example, in places of nuclear discharges or places with high concentrations of radioactive substances) can lead to the development of leukemia, posing a particularly high risk for young people. It is estimated that the impact of radon gas contained in soil and building materials causes 3 to 14% of all lung cancers. This is the second most important cause of lung cancer after tobacco smoke. Make sure that you live in a safe zone from the radiation point. In this case, even a change of residence can get you into the prevention of cancer.
Unfortunately, cancer risk is also increased with the kind of radiation that is not only in the workplace (as, for example, in X-ray rooms) or in radioactive zones. One of the most dangerous types of radiation surrounds us every day – this is ultraviolet (UV) radiation. In particular, solar radiation can cause all major types of skin cancer. In 2000, more than 200,000 cases of melanoma were diagnosed in the world and 65,000 melanoma-related deaths occurred.
Daily use of sunscreen products and protective clothing, to avoid excessive exposure, is an effective measure for the prevention of skin cancer. Please note that solariums are also classified by WHO as carcinogenic, so avoid visiting them whenever possible in order to maintain skin health.