Despite the fact that the symptoms of colds, flu and ARVI are similar, they are nevertheless completely different diseases. This means that they are caused by different pathogens, each of which must be treated differently. Fortunately, not all the symptoms are exactly the same, and these seasonal illnesses can be distinguished from each other.

Note: If a family member has a cold

Observe these security measures, so that you do not infect others or become infected yourself:

  • wear masks;
  • ventilate your house often;
  • periodically disinfect door handles;
  • let the ill person use separate dishware and individual towels;
  • take vitamins and antiviral drugs in preventive doses.



What does it look like?

Flu literally knocks one down – the patient develops a fever very rapidly. Apart from that, there’s anemia (small amounts of red blood cells), chills, headaches and muscle pains. Additionally, flu causes dry cough. More often than not, patients feel an ache in the body and great fatigue.

How to treat it

There are three forms of influenza – mild (this is usually a group B virus), medium and severe ones. Even though the mild form is relatively easy to overcome with the timely administration of an antiviral medication course, treatment for normal and severe flu should be administered under the supervision of a doctor, because these forms of flu give complications particularly often. In their turn, these complications can be perceived by patient as a part of the current viral infection. Any complication requires a separate approach, so be sure to visit the doctor and adhere to the prescribed treatment (do not interrupt your treatment course as soon as you feel better – improvement in your condition usually does not mean a complete recovery).

The average period of flu treatment is 5-8 days, and for two additional weeks after recovery you should avoid unnecessary strain on the body. The first principle accompanying prescribed anti-flu medications is to drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration due to fever. At the same time, not every drink is suitable: coffee, strong tea, drinks with high sugar content – all these are not the best helpers.

You should eat at least 50g of protein per day – meat, poultry, low-fat fish cooked in any way except frying. Fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin C, nuts and cottage cheese are also useful.


ARVI – acute respiratory viral infection


What does it look like?

The main difference between ARVI and flu is the temperature graph of the patient. If the temperature of 38° C is common for flu, during ARVI it is extremely rare to overcome this mark. In the case of ARVI, the upper respiratory tract is affected: patients get a moist cough, a sore throat and a very runny nose.

How to treat it

Begin the treatment as soon as the first signs of the disease appear. If the symptoms are severe, take antiviral medications. Additionally, you can conduct symptomatic treatment, i.e. treat precisely those manifestations of ARVIs, which are observed in your particular case.

Usual prescription for ARVI includes anesthetics and antipyretics, vasoconstrictive drops and sprays against runny nose, as well as cough syrups. For patients with acute respiratory viral infection it is also recommended to use dry heat, rinse the throat (for example, with warm water with propolis solution) and the nose (with a weak saline solution) and try medical inhalations if you are coughing.



What does it look like?

Each cold is different, because “cold” is actually a collective name of many acute respiratory diseases caused by similar viruses. Among them may be those that cause rhinitis, laryngitis, bronchitis – and these are quite dangerous diseases. Extra care should be taken if you have cold symptoms, but no fever – with many ARI it doesn’t appear until it transforms into a serious bacterial infection.

How to treat it

From all of the above, the most important piece of advice is to pay attention to the symptoms at the very beginning, and to consult a doctor immediately, should you fall ill. Treatment of colds can be as different as a heap of diseases hiding under this common term. If any type of colds bothers you regularly, it is also best to have a checkup for the presence of a chronic illness.